Working Paper n°2016-08
Do remittances impact gender equality ?
Evidence from Africa
Membre du CEPN – Université Paris 13
sambohmd [at] yahoo.fr
This paper investigates the impact of remittances on gender equality in Africa using panel data from 21 African countries spanning the years 2006-2014. The two-step IV-GMM method was considered after taking into account the potential endogeneity of remittances. We found that remittances have a positive effect on gender equality in general but this effect is only significant in Sub-Saharan Africa. Furthermore, we found that remittances positively impact women’s economic and women’s political empowerment. They also have a positive e↵ect on women’s education
attainment and women’s health and survival. However, theses impacts are only significant in Sub-Saharan Africa, except for women’s health and survival.
Remittances, Gender equality, Economic empowerment, Education attainmenent, Health and Survival, Political empowerment, IV-GMM, Africa
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